ISWC 2015 Tutorial: The Web of Data for E-Commerce: and GoodRelations for Researchers and Practitioners

A Hands-on Introduction to the GoodRelations Ontology,, RDFa and Microdata Authoring, Google Rich Snippets for Products, Yahoo, Bing, and Linked Open Commerce


The integration of the GoodRelations ontology into is one huge success story of applying Semantic Web technology to business challenges. In this tutorial, we will

  1. give a comprehensive overview and hands-on training on the conceptual structures of for e-commerce, including patterns for ownership and demand,
  2. present the full tool chain for producing and consuming respective data,
  3. explain the long-term vision of linked open commerce,
  4. describe the main challenges for future research in the field, and
  5. discuss advanced topics, like access control, identity and authentication (e.g. with WebID); micropayment services (like Payswarm), and data management issues from the publisher and consumer perspective.

We will also cover research opportunities resulting from the growing adoption and the respective amount of data in Microdata, RDFa, and JSON-LD syntaxes.



See conference site at
Note that the workshops and tutorials will be held at Lehigh University's Rauch Business Center, while the main conference will be held at the Sands Bethlehem Hotel and the Sands Event Center.

The address of Lehigh University's Rauch Business Center is:
Rauch Business Center
621 Taylor St.
Bethlehem, PA 18015


To be announced; see

Time and Date

October 11, 2015

09:00 – 10:30 Theory
10:30 – 11:00 Coffee Break, RBC Gallery, First Floor
11:00 – 12:30 Hands-on Exercises


  1. Overview and Motivation: Linked Open Commerce
  2. Quick Review of Prerequisites
    • Markup Languages – XML, HTML, XHTML
    • Semantic Web for Web Masters: RDF, RDF syntaxes, RDFS, OWL, SPARQL
    • Tooling and Infrastructure: Editors, Repositories, Parsers, Frameworks
    • Linked Data Principles
  3. Structured Data in HTML
    • Principles and History (SHOE etc.)
    • RDFa
    • Microdata
    • JSON-LD as HTML Payload
    • Turtle in HTML
  4. The Conceptual Model of Minimal Example and Motivating Scenarios
  5. E-Commerce in
    • Preliminaries
    • Business Entity: Person and Organization
    • Products and Offers
    • Eligible Customers and Regions
    • Price Specifications
    • Delivery Options and Delivery Charge Specifications
    • Payment Options and Payment Charge Specifications
    • Warranty Promises
    • Bundles
    • Services and Value Ranges
    • Shop Locations and Opening Hours
    • Consumables, Accessories, Spare Parts, and Similar Products
    • Products and Services: Models, Classes, and Instances
    • Modeling demand and tenders
    • Modeling ownership and public shopping histories
    • Hands-on Exercise: Annotating a Small Web Shop
  6. Advanced Topics in
    • External Enumerations
    • Handling of Ranges and Intervals
    • Multi-typed Entities
  7. Querying the Web of Data for Offerings
    • SPARQL Query Language Overview
    • Examples
    • Exercises
  8. Publishing Data
  9. Consuming Data
    • Resources
    • Tools
  10. Access Control, Authentication, and Identity
  11. Micropayment Systems and Incentives
  12. Transactions in
  13. Discussion, Conclusion, Feedback Round


The slides and other materials are available only to registered participants. You need credentials given in class in order to access the following resources. If you have problems accessing the materials, email to mheppATcomputerDOTorg.

  • Slides
  • Video recording not yet available




Prof. Dr. Martin Hepp
Chair of General Management and E-Business
E-Business and Web Science Research Group
Universität der Bundeswehr München
Werner-Heisenberg-Weg 39

D-85579 Neubiberg, Germany (personal page) / (group)

Phone: +49 89 6004-4217